A Study of Vernacular Architecture In Relation To Sustainability; the Case of Northern Nigeria
The concept of sustainability has over the years become one key subject that architects, designers, planners and stakeholders have taken interest in order to preserve the environment and economy from further decadence. In preserving the environment, care must be taken to ensure that sustainable considerations are put in place while providing housing and shelter for the populace. Many people today see vernacular architecture as archaic and neglect the significant response of vernacular architecture with regards to sustainability. The place of vernacular architecture seems to provide some of these basic sustainable considerations that are eco-friendly, cost effective and employs the use minimal modern technology yet providing the necessary thermal comfort for the wellbeing of its users. In this research work, vernacular architecture in Northern Nigeria was analyzed by engaging qualitative research approach, the study of relevant literatures and resulted in highlighting the sustainable measures put into use and suggest ways these measures can be incorporated in modern day housing environment so as to encourage the sustainability of the culture, economy and climate of the people. The environment, religion and culture were identified as key contributors to the vernacular architecture of Northern Nigeria.